Biomechanical Modeling of the Human Articulation for Osteoarthritis Analysis

Assassi, L. and Magnenat-Thalmann, N.

Abstract: Different studies have shown that hip osteoarthritis (OA) is a multi-factor disease. Nevertheless, the exact pathogenesis for idiopathic OA is still not completely identified and needs, hence, to be further investigated. The aim of this work is to examine the potential role of the kinematics in the development of hip OA. We propose a noninvasive approach combining subject-specific anatomical, kinematical and physical models for analyzing the mechanical behavior of hip cartilage during movement. The simulation results show high stresses in the superior region of the acetabular rim. These results correlate with the clinical analysis performed by medical experts.

  booktitle = {Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering (CMBBE2012)},
  author = {Assassi, L. and Magnenat-Thalmann, N.},
  title = {Biomechanical Modeling of the Human Articulation for Osteoarthritis Analysis},
  pages = {573-578},
  month = apr,
  year = {2012},
  topic = {Medical},
  project = {FNRS-REAL}