MPEG-4 Compatible Faces from Orthogonal Photos

Lee, W. and Escher, M. and Sannier, G. and Magnenat-Thalmann, N.

Abstract: MPEG-4 is scheduled to become an International Standard in March 1999. This paper demonstrates an experiment for a virtual cloning method and animation system, which is compatible with the MPEG-4 standard facial object specification. Our method uses orthogonal photos (front and side view) as input and reconstructs the 3D facial model. The method is based on extracting MPEG-4 face definition parameters (FDP) from photos, which initializes a custom face in a more capable interface, and deforming a generic model. Texture mapping is employed using an image composed of the two orthogonal images, which is done completely automatically. A reconstructed head can be animated immediately inside our animation system, which is adapted to the MPEG-4 standard specification of face animation parameters (FAP). The result is integrated into our virtual human director (VHD) system.

  booktitle = {Proc. International Conference on Computer Animation (CA '99)},
  author = {Lee, W. and Escher, M. and Sannier, G. and Magnenat-Thalmann, N.},
  title = {MPEG-4 Compatible Faces from Orthogonal Photos},
  pages = {186-194},
  month = may,
  year = {1999},
  topic = {Cloning}